Maritime trade contacts of Odisha, east coast of India with the Roman world: An appraisal
MetadataShow full item record
The present state of Odisha (previously known as Kalinga, Utkal,Odra and Orissa) lies on the east coast of India, and is known forits maritime contacts with the Roman world since the early histori-cal period, if not earlier. Initially, the Romans had reached Muzirisand Arikamedu for maritime trade, and then, along coastal andhinterland routes, they reached different parts of India. The finding of Roman gold coins, amphorae, lamps, and bullae from the hinter-land and coastal sites along the east and west coasts of India cor-roborate the fact. The recent archaeological explorations at Manika-patna, Palur, Radhanagar and Sisupalgarh in Odisha have broughtto light terracotta Roman Bullion, lamps, amphorae shreds andRouletted ware which suggest that Odisha had contacts with theRoman world since the early historical period. In addition to this,isolated Roman coins have been discovered from other parts of Odisha as well. Contemporary texts such as Periplus of the Erythraean Sea (Periplus Maris Erythraei) (first century CE) and Ptolemy, the Greek geographer of 100-50 CE, mention about the ports of Odisha andmaritime contacts with the Roman world. It has been observedthat the finding of Roman artefacts is more abundant in peninsularIndia than in the hinterland. This paper details the excavationfindings such as amphorae, bullion, coins, lamps, pottery, glass 216 Sila Tripati et al. beads from port sites and trade centres of ancient Odisha and theircontacts with the Roman world. Attempts have also been made tounderstand and discuss why the Roman sites and findings arecomparatively less in Odisha than in peninsular India and how Buddhism contributed to the maritime trade and society of theregion during this period.
- Scholarly literature