Recent marine archaeological investigations along the Saurashtra coast, west coast of India
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Recent marine archaeological explorations have brought to light data on the existence of ancient ports at Miyani and Kindari Creek (Mul Dwarka) on the Saurashtra coast. A large number and varieties of stone anchors have been documented at both sites, which indicate that different origin and types of boats used to visit these ports. A comparative study of the stone anchors suggests that these ports could be dated between the historical and the medieval periods. At Porbandar a few iron anchors of the British period are also reported. Onshore explorations around Porbandar brought to light 4 ancient jetties and a late Harappan site at Bokhira on the western side of the Porbandar creek. Another late Harappan site has been reported on the ancient creek near Kindar Kheda, which would have served as a tidal port during the 2nd millennium BC. A stone anchor is also found close to the site. A medieval period site and a step well have been noticed near Tukada (18 km east of Porbandar). A stone anchor has also been reported off Gopnath temple. It lies about 2 km off the temple and exposed during the lowest low tide. Another important site known as Bhim ka Khatiya was discovered at Mithi Virdi in Talaja taluka of Bhavnagar district. Four stone anchors lie in an agriculture field. These anchors are the biggest ever reported across the world. The total length of each anchor is about 4.8 m with an estimated weight of 4300 kg.
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